Two Human Cloning "Bans" in Louisiana Would Allow Extensive Human Cloning and Human Genetic Engineering

Dianne Irving Comments
Copyright May 16, 2004
Reproduced with Permission


[Note:†The latest†Louisiana Senate cloning "ban" (SB 782) by Lentini (http://www.legis.state.la.us/leg_docs/04RS/CVT8/OUT/0000LD1W.PDF), which passed a Senate Judiciary Committee by voice vote Tuesday, May 17, also contains the same problematic definition of "cloning" as House Bill 557 (Beard) does below.† By definition this definition would allow all "therapeutic" cloning (aka, "stem cell research"), especially because the only "cloning" prohibited is that performed "for the purpose of or to implant".]

Two different human cloning "bans" currently pending in the State of Louisiana would unfortunately allow extensive human cloning and genetic engineering of human beings.

For an analysis of the original State of Louisiana human cloning "ban" (2003), please see D. N. Irving, at http://www.lifeissues.net/writers/irvi/irvi_07louisianabill.html. For scientific references documenting comments on the current bills below, please see D. N. Irving, "Playing God by Manipulating Man: Facts and Frauds of Human Cloning", (October 4, 2003), at: http://www.lifeissues.net/writers/irv/irv_22manipulatingman1.html;  at http://www.mocatholic.org/uploads/IrvingCloning3.pdf; and athttp://www.uffl.org/irving/irvplayinggo.pdf and http://www.uffl.org/irving/irvplayinggoappen.pdf.

For examples and suggestions of accurate scientific definitions that could be used in this and related bills, please see D. N. Irving, "How to Build a Better Human Cloning Bill or Treaty"(March 18, 2004), at: http://www.lifeissues.net/writers/irv/irv_24buildcloningbill.html.  For extensive explanations of how such deficient language in these and related bills can consequently promote much unethical human genetic engineering research, please see D. N. Irving, "State of Delaware human cloning ‘ban’: Loopholes Form Blueprints for Human Genetic Engineering" (April 14, 2004), at: http://www.lifeissues.net/writers/irvi/irvi_30delawarecloningban1.html.


COMMENTARIES ON BOTH CURRENT (2004) LOUISIANA HUMAN CLONING "BANS":

http://www.legis.state.la.us/leg_docs/04RS/CVT9/OUT/0000L1XQ.PDF

Assigned to House Criminal Justice Committee

HB-557 (Beard)

C. Based on the above findings, it is the purpose of this Part to prohibit both cloning to produce children and cloning for biomedical research.

§1299.36 1. Definitions: As used in this Part, "clone" means the practice of creating or attempting to create a human being by transferring the nucleus from a human cell from whatever source into a human egg cell from which the nucleus has been removed for the purpose of or to implant the resulting product to initiate a pregnancy that could result in the birth of a human being.

For purposes of this Part, the following terms have the following meanings:

(1) "Asexual production" means human reproduction not initiated by the union of oocyte and sperm.

(2) "Human cloning" means asexual production, by somatic cell nuclear transfer, of a new human organism or partial human organism that is, at all stages of development, genetically virtually identical to a currently existing or previously existing human being.

Even with just these deficiencies, this bill does NOT ban ANY human cloning.

(3) "Oocyte" means the human female germ cell (the ovum).

(4) "Somatic cell" means a diploid cell (having a complete set of chromosomes) obtained or derived from a living or deceased human being at any stage of development.

(5) "Somatic cell nuclear transfer" means introducing the nuclear material of a human somatic cell (donor) into an oocyte (ovum) whose own nucleus has been removed or inactivated, yielding a product that has a human genetic constitution virtually identical to the donor of the somatic cell.

 

C. This Section does not prohibit scientific research or a cell-based therapy not specifically prohibited elsewhere by this Part, including in vitro fertilization, the administration of fertility enhancing drugs, research in the use of nuclear transfer or other cloning techniques to produce molecules, DNA, tissues, organs, plants, or animals other than human organisms.


http://www.legis.state.la.us/leg_docs/04RS/CVT3/OUT/0000L3QW.PDF

Assigned to House Criminal Justice Committee

HB 803: (Beard)

As used in this Part, the following words have the following meanings:

(1) "Asexual production" means human reproduction not initiated by the union of oocyte and sperm.

(2) "Human cloning" means human asexual production, by somatic cell nuclear transfer, to produce a living embryo with a human or predominantly human genetic constitution.

(3) "Oocyte" means the human female germ cell (the ovum). Somatic cell means a diploid cell (having a complete set of chromosomes) obtained or derived from a living or deceased human being at any stage of development.

(4) "Somatic cell nuclear transfer" means introducing the nuclear material of a human somatic cell (donor) into an oocyte (ovum) whose own nucleus has been removed or inactivated, yielding a product that has a human genetic constitution virtually identical to the donor of the somatic cell.

(5) "Embryo" means an organism of the species homo sapiens from the single cell stage to eight weeks development.

(6) "Fetus" means an organism of the species homo sapiens from eight weeks development until complete expulsion or extraction from a woman's body, or removal from an artificial womb or other similar environment designed to nurture the development of such organism.

Proposed law creates exceptions for in vitro fertilization, the administration of fertility enhancing drugs, research in the use of nuclear transfer or other cloning techniques to produce molecules, DNA, tissues, organs, plants, or animals other than humans, or cells.

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